What exactly is rosacea?

Some of you reading this will be well aware of what rosacea is and have done research on the subject through other websites – others may have stumbled on this website by googling facial redness. Still others may have been to their doctor who has diagnosed rosacea and they are now looking for more information.

The root cause of rosacea, as Dr Anthony Bewley, a consultant dermatologist at Bart’s Hospital in London explained, is a genetic propensity to flush, which is why so many fair-skinned people are sufferers.

"The flushing can be triggered by various factors," – says Dr Bewley – "including alcohol, spicy food, sunlight, vigorous exercise, saunas and steam rooms, or just working hard outside."

Sub type 1

Frequent flushing exhausts the blood vessels, so that instead of returning to normal they remain dilated, leaving the skin permanently red.

Note – Finola is sub-type 1 with facial skin which started out as dry, dehydrated, sensitive and lacking in natural oils before rosacea was diagnosed. The Finca serum really helps this type of dry dehydrated skin by replacing natural oils and helping restore the skin barrier back to its natural function. When the skin functions properly it acts as a barrier against the elements – when it develops rosacea it becomes hyper sensitive to internal conditions (including your gut) and external conditions (wind, cold, heat,etc.)

Sub type 2

In the second stage of the condition sub type 2 , the blood vessels may begin to leak white blood cells, producing the characteristic papules or white pimples. And for some people the the condition is also characterised by excess sebum or oil production blocking the follicle, causing spots.

Rosacea sub type 2 - is also associated with a skin mite called demodex folliculorum, which lives on 60 to 90 per cent of humans, but is apparently more numerous on the skin of people with rosacea. There is some thinking that it is these skin mites which help bring about the postules.

Finola says these are often the symptoms of rosacea that sufferers have the most problem with visually but there are ways of dealing with the postules…so read on

The signs and symptoms can progress from mild to severe, which makes it very important to treat pustular rosacea early in its course.

Sub type 2 is the type of rosacea that responds most easily to treatment.

Sub type 3

In the third and most serious stage, sufferers can experience a disfiguring swelling of the nose called rhinophyma.

This is a complication of rosacea that occurs rarely, and mostly in male sufferers. It is caused by an overgrowth of the oil glands of the nose giving it an enlarged and distorted appearance called rhinophyma. This is a very distressing condition. Inappropriate terms such as ‘clown nose’, and ‘whiskey nose’ have been used to in the past to describe rhinophyma. This distortion of the nose is much more common in men. Early stages are characterised by ‘peau d’orange’ where the skin has the texture of orange peel.

Sub type 4

Eye irritation – ocular rosacea. About 50% of people with rosacea are affected by ocular (eye) rosacea. They get itchy eyes and inflammation around the lashes. They may also get conjunctivitis.

  • Watery, dry or irritated eyes
  • Burning or stinging
  • Itching
  • Light sensitivity
  • The feeling that there is something in the eye
  • Grittiness at the root of the eyelashes; and
  • Ulcers on their cornea.

People may develop ocular rosacea many years before it develops on the skin of the face.